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Ngaka Modiri Molema District Municipality in Context

 

The Ngaka Modiri Molema District Municipality (NMMDM) is one of the four District Municipalities of the North West Province of South Africa. The other three are: Bojanala-Platinum, Dr Ruth Mompati and Dr Kenneth Kaunda Districts. The NMMDM covers an area of 31039 square km and shares an international border with the Republic of Botswana. It comprises of five local municipalities namely: Mafikeng, Ratlou, Ramotshere Moiloa, Ditsobotla and Tswaing.

Section 84 of the Municipal Structures Act (1998) regulates the functions and powers of Districts and Local municipalities.

The five local municipalities are subdivided into wards as follows: Mafikeng Local Municipality – 28 wards, Ditsobotla LM – 19 wards, Ramotshere Moiloa – 17 wards, Tswaing L.M – 13 wards, Ratlou LM – 12 wards. See Map1 for the spatial distribution of Local Municipalities within the district.

 

Snapshot Overview

General Statistics

  • The Ngaka Modiri Molema District Municipality has a total of 2,788,844 hectares, which is equivalent to 26% of the total number of hectares in the North West province.
  • 27% of the total hectares belong to the Ramotshere Local Municipality, thus making it the area with the largest portion of land
  • 13% Belongs belong to the Mafikeng Local Municipality it the area with the smallest portion of land although it represents the highest GVA figures and highest population in the District

Demographics

  • The Ngaka Modiri Molema District Municipality has a total population of 764,351, which is equivalent to 24% of the total population in North-West.
  • 34% of the total population are found in the Mafikeng Local Municipality, thus giving it the largest population density in the district
  • A mere 14% of the total population is situated in the Ratlou Local Municipality

Poverty Levels

  • The Ngaka Modiri Molema District Municipality has a total of 554,668 people living under the minimum living income, which is equivalent to 29% of the total number of minimum living income earners in the North-West province, thus, making it the district with the most underprivileged people in the NW Province.
  • 33% of the minimum level income earners are in the Mafikeng Local Municipality, thus making it the Local Municipality with the largest underprivileged population
  • In comparison, 9% of below minimum living income earners are found in the Ratlou Local Municipality, making it the region with the least underprivileged population segment both in percentage and numbers.
  • The biggest housing backlog is in the Ditsobotla Local Municipality
  • The Ngaka Modiri Molema District Municipality has a total of 157,036 unemployed people, which is equivalent to 23% of the total number of unemployed people in the North-West province.
  • The Mafikeng Local Municipality and the Ditsobotla Local Municipality are the regions with the highest number of people that have access to basic services
  • The Mafikeng Local Municipality has an unemployment figure of 38%.  Making it the area with the largest unemployment figure in the district
  • 11% of the unemployed people can be found in the Tswaing Local Municipality, making it the region with the lowest unemployment figure.

Income levels

  • The Ngaka Modiri Molema District Municipality has a total household income figure of R4,640,814,817 which makes up 17% of the total household income figure in the North-West province.
  • The highest average household income is found in the Mafikeng Local Municipality
  • The lowest level of household income is found in the Ratlou Local municipality

Education Levels

A further characteristic is that less than 2.5% of the total population in the NMMDM has not received any form of tertiary education.  According to the 2007 household survey a good number of people in the NMMDM area have not received any form of post-matric training or qualification. The highest levels of illiteracy appear to be prevalent in the Ratlou Local Municipality where more than 31% of the population older than 5 years of age has not received any form of schooling. The comparative figure of the Ramotshere Moiloa and Tswaing Local Municipalities is approximately 27%. In the case of Ditsobotla, 24% and in Mafikeng roughly 20%. According to Stats SA (2005) this trend is further emphasized by the fact that the Ratlou and Tswaing Local Municipalities are the areas with the highest concentration of population who have only completed some primary education (approximately 30% of the total population is older than 5 years).

Economic Statistics

  • The Ngaka Modiri Molema District Municipality has a Gross Value Added (GVA) of 10,673,146, which is equivalent to 13% of the total GVA in the North-West province.
  • Primary nodes of economic activity are Mmabatho and Lichtenburg
  • The Mafikeng Local Municipality contributes to 40% of the districts economy, since it is the highest GVA
  • The Ratlou Local Municipality contributes to 9% of the districts economy, thus it has the lowest GVA Agriculture and mining as the primary sectors and employs 21.5% of the economically active population.
  • Construction, electricity, manufacturing and transport as secondary sectors and employ only 14.0% of the economically active population.
  • The tertiary sector (social, financial, wholesale etc) employed 43.8% of the economically active population.

Spatial/Economic environment

  • Mafikeng is the region which has the highest employment opportunities.
  • Lichtenburg is the region which has second highest employment opportunities in the region which ranges from 5 000 to 25 000 opportunities within a 20 minutes driving time
  • The Southern part of the district has 1 000 to 5 000 employment opportunities within a 20 minutes driving time. Whereas the Northern part has less than 1 000 employment opportunities within a 20 minutes drive time.